Psychology has reached its success and popularity today thanks to the brilliant minds that have scrupulously researched human behaviour and contributed to our understanding of the influential factors on our thinking, emotions and behaviours. Without such in depth research into the workings of the mind, we would have had a lesser understanding of the influence and importance of childhood experiences on the development of adult behaviour, and the effectiveness of counselling as an aid to recovery in cases of mental disorders including depression.
The first psychologist to be celebrated this month is Albert Bandura!
Born on 4 December 1925 in the town of Mundare, Northern Alberta, Canada, Albert Bandura is the fourth most cited psychologist of all time, after B.F. Skinner, Sigmund Freud, and Jean Piaget. He is renowned for his experiment conducted in 1961,“Bobo Doll.” where he demonstrated that behavioural patterns are learned by children through direct observation and imitation of others’ actions.
In this experiment, he attempted to explain that aggressive behavioural patterns can be, at least partially, understood through his theory of social learning. It was one of the first experiments in behavioural psychology at the time, followed by many other psychologists who researched the effects of violent scenes through visual media on children’s behaviour.
Bandura’s Education History
1949– graduates from the University of British Columbia with a degree in psychology
1952– obtains his PhD degree in clinical psychology at the University of Iowa
1953– begins teaching at Stanford University.
1973– Bandura becomes the president of the American Psychological Association
1980– receives the APA Award for Special Contributions
Some of Bandura’s Important Publications
Bandura, A. (1956). Psychotherapists’ anxiety level, self-insight, and psychotherapeutic competence. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 52, 333-337.
Bandura, A. (1957). Review of case studies in childhood emotional disabilities (Vol. 2) by G. Gardner. Contemporary Psychology, 2, 14-15.
Bandura, A. (1958). Child-rearing patterns associated with adolescent aggressive disorders. In Physical and Behavioral Growth. Columbus, OH: Ross Laboratories.
Bandura, A. (1961). Psychotherapy as a learning process. Psychological Bulletin, 58, 143-159.
Bandura, A. (1962). Social learning through imitation. In M. R. Jones (Ed.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Bandura, A. (1963). Behavior theory and indemnification learning. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 33, 591-601.
Bandura, A. (1963). The role of imitation in personality, The Journal of Nursery Education, 18(3).
Bandura, A. (1969). Social learning of moral judgments. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 11, 275-279.
Bandura, A. (2009). Cultivate self-efficacy for personal and organizational effectiveness. In E. A. Locke (Ed.), Handbook of principles of organizational behaviour. (2nd Ed., pp. 179-200). Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
Bandura, A. (2009, April). Science and theory building. Psychology Review, 14(4), 2-3.
Bandura, A. (2009). Social cognitive theory of mass communication. In J. Bryant & M. B. Oliver (Eds.), Media effects: Advances in theory and research (2nd ed., pp. 94-124). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Bandura, A. (2010). Self-efficacy. In The Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology (4th Ed. pp. 1534-1536). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.
Bandura, A. (2011). Social cognitive theory. In P. A. M. van Lange, A. W. Kruglanski, & E. T. Higgins (Eds.). Handbook of social psychological theories. (pp. 349-373). London: Sage.